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Vintage & so, vintage.. : )

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26 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 26/10/2012, 02:24

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Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra (1963), costume by Irene Sharaff.

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Richard Rodgers (music), Lorenz Hart (lyrics), Dwight Deere Wiman (producer), Irene Sharaff (costume designer), Joshua Logan (director) and Robert Alton (choreographer) at rehearsal for "By Jupiter".

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She loved a good cigarette...

27 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 26/10/2012, 02:26

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28 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 28/10/2012, 00:45

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Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, gangster and pioneer of modern Las Vegas (he built The Flamingo, the casino that started it all), holds a special place in the history of dapper criminals.

29 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:36

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30 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:39

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31 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:42

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32 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:44

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Biography for
Humphrey Bogart More at IMDbPro »
Date of Birth
25 December 1899, New York City, New York, USA

Date of Death
14 January 1957, Los Angeles, California, USA (cancer of the esophagus)

Birth Name
Humphrey DeForest Bogart

Nickname
Bogie

Height
5' 8" (1.73 m)

Mini Biography
The son of a moderately wealthy Manhattan surgeon (who was secretly addicted to opium) and a famed magazine illustrator, Humphrey Bogart was educated at Trinity School, New York City, sent to Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, in preparation for medical studies at Yale. He was expelled from Phillips and joined the U.S. Naval Reserve. From 1920 to 1922, he managed a stage company owned by family friend William A. Brady (the father of actress Alice Brady), performing a variety of tasks at Brady's film studio in New York. He then began regular stage performances. Alexander Woollcott described his acting in a 1922 play as inadequate. In 1930, he gained a contract with Fox, his feature film debut in a ten-minute short, Broadway's Like That (1930), co-starring Ruth Etting and Joan Blondell. Fox released him after two years. After five years of stage and minor film roles, he had his breakthrough role in The Petrified Forest (1936) from Warner Bros. He won the part over Edward G. Robinson only after the star, Leslie Howard, threatened Warner Bros. that he would quit unless Bogart was given the key role of Duke Mantee, which he had played in the Broadway production with Howard. The film was a major success and led to a long-term contract with Warner Bros. From 1936 to 1940, Bogart appeared in 28 films, usually as a gangster, twice in Westerns and even a horror film. His landmark year was 1941 (often capitalizing on parts George Raft had stupidly rejected) with roles in classics such as High Sierra (1941) and as Sam Spade in one of his most fondly remembered films, The Maltese Falcon (1941). These were followed by Casablanca (1942), The Big Sleep (1946), and Key Largo (1948). Bogart, despite his erratic education, was incredibly well-read and he favored writers and intellectuals within his small circle of friends. In 1947, he joined wife Lauren Bacall and other actors protesting the House Un-American Activities Committee witch hunts. He also formed his own production company, and the next year made The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948). Bogie won the best actor Academy Award for The African Queen (1951) and was nominated for Casablanca (1942) and as Captain Queeg in The Caine Mutiny (1954), a film made when he was already seriously ill. He died in his sleep at his Hollywood home following surgeries and a battle with throat cancer.

IMDb Mini Biography By: Ed Stephan stephan@cc.wwu.edu

Spouse
Lauren Bacall (21 May 1945 - 14 January 1957) (his death) 2 children
Mayo Methot (21 August 1938 - 10 May 1945) (divorced)
Mary Philips (3 April 1928 - 21 June 1937) (divorced)
Helen Menken (20 May 1926 - 18 November 1927) (divorced)

Trade Mark
Typically played smart, playful, courageous, tough, occasionally reckless characters who lived in a corrupt world, anchored by a hidden moral code.

Almost always played a hard-boiled cynic who ultimately shows his noble side.

Low-key, distinctive nasal voice

Often wore bow ties

Roles in film noirs


Trivia
The older of two children with Lauren Bacall, Stephen H. Bogart, discussed his relationship with Bogie in 1996 book, "Bogart: In Search of My Father".

New York Times reported on 12/25/2000 that "Humphrey Bogart was born on 23 January 1899, but Warner Brothers publicity decided that a Christmas birthday would be far more advantageous because 'a guy born on Christmas can't be all bad.'" However, copies of two 1900 census forms prove this to be incorrect.

Ranked #9 in Empire (UK) magazine's "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. [October 1997]

Bogart's speech defect (lisping) does not appear in the German dubbings of his voice, which is also lower.

There is some dispute as to how Bogey's lip injury occurred. One story is that when Bogart was in the Navy, a prisoner he was escorting attempted to escape and hit Bogart in the face with his shackles. Bogart, fearing that he would lose his position and be severely punished for letting a prisoner escape, chased down the man and brought him successfully to the Portsmouth Naval Prison. However, because the surgeon who stitched up his face did not do a very good job, Bogart was left with his trademark lisp. Another version has it that he caught a large wood splinter in his lip at the age of 12, but the combat story is more exciting - a legend, indeed.

Named his daughter, Leslie Bogart, "Leslie" to show his gratitude to Leslie Howard, who got him his big break in The Petrified Forest (1936).

Interred at Forest Lawn, Glendale, CA, in the Garden of Memory, Columbarium of Eternal Light (not accessible to the general public).

Played chess by mail with GIs during WWII.

In Key Largo (1948), Bogie takes the helm of a boat called the Santana. In real life, Santana was the name of Bogie's yacht, which he purchased from June Allyson and Dick Powell.

His coffin contains a small, gold whistle, put there by his wife, Lauren Bacall.

Was nicknamed "The Last Century Man" because he was born on Christmas Day 1899 (based on the popular belief that the 19th Century ended in 1899, not 1900 as it really was).

Decades after his death, Bogie made a guest appearance on the TV horror series "Tales from the Crypt" (1989). Footage from several movies was computer enhanced and combined with a voice and body double to allow Bogart to receive top billing for the episode "You, Murderer." Guest starring with "Bogie" were John Lithgow and Isabella Rossellini, performing an eerie (and hilarious) parody of her mother, Ingrid Bergman.

Related to screenwriter Adela Rogers St. Johns; his grandfather and her grandmother were brother and sister.

Distantly related to the late Princess Diana, Princess of Wales, through her American relations.

Ranked #1 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest screen actors.

Maud Bogart's drawing of her baby Humphrey appeared in a national advertising campaign for Mellin's Baby Food, not as often erroneously reported, for Gerber.

Pictured on a 32¢ US commemorative postage stamp in the Legends of Hollywood series, issued 31 July 1997.

Co-starred not only in Casablanca (1942), the film rated No. 1 on American Film Institute's list of Top 100 U.S. love stories (2002), but in four other films on AFI romance list: The African Queen (1951), ranked at #xx; Dark Victory (1939), ranked at #32; Sabrina (1954),ranked at #54; and To Have and Have Not (1944), ranked at #60.

Starred with his wife Lauren Bacall in the syndicated radio program "Bold Venture" (1951-1952). His character's name was Slate Shannon.

Was of English, Dutch, Spanish and Welsh heritage.

His preferred brand of cigarettes was Chesterfield.

Although usually considered a quiet and accommodating actor by most of his collaborators, he became disliked by William Holden and Billy Wilder during the filming of Sabrina (1954). A good friend before they made the film, Wilder later said that Bogart, near the end of his life, apologized for his behavior on the set and said it was due to his personal problems. Even so, Audrey Hepburn got along with him despite his criticism of her.

At 5'8", he was almost exactly the same height as his beloved wife Lauren Bacall.

He had just turned 57 and weighed only 80 pounds when he died on January 14, 1957.

Off the set, he and Ingrid Bergman hardly spoke during the filming of Casablanca (1942). She said later, "I kissed him, but I never knew him." Years later, after Ingrid Bergman had become involved with Italian director Roberto Rossellini, and borne him a child, he bawled her out for it. "You used to be a great star," he said. "What are you now?" "A happy woman," she replied. Bogart's coolness towards Bergman was later revealed to have been caused by the violent jealousy of his wife at the time, Mayo Methot, whose fears were realized when Bogart entered an affair with future wife Lauren Bacall.

Though a poor student, he was a lifelong reader. He could quote Plato, Pope, Ralph Waldo Emerson and over a thousand lines of Shakespeare. He admired writers, and some of his best friends were screenwriters.

He was voted the Greatest Movie Star of all time by Entertainment Weekly.

Almost all of the roles that made him a star (after a decade of toiling in minor films) were roles he got because George Raft had turned them down, from High Sierra (1941), in which Bogie was first noticed as a viable box office draw, to Casablanca (1942), which made him a true international star. Ironically, after having been overshadowed by Raft the whole first half of his career, Bogart is today by far the better-known star and is considered the superior actor of the two.

His marriage to Lauren Bacall occurred at the Pleasant Valley area of Richland County, Ohio, known as Malabar Farm, the home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Louis Bromfield (4 miles southeast of Lucas within Monroe Township). The home is now an Ohio State Park.

He had many famous visitors as he grew ill from cancer during the year before he died, including but not limited to Katharine Hepburn, Spencer Tracy, Marilyn Monroe, George Cukor, Judy Garland, Clark Gable, Bette Davis, Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Ustinov, Billy Wilder, Dean Martin, and Kirk Douglas.

Frank Sinatra's group of friends was known as the Clan. Sinatra's Clan included many of the same hard-drinking friends as Bogie's Rat Pack. The name "Rat Pack" stopped being used upon Bogie's death. Bogart was the official founder and leader of the Holmby Hills Rat Pack, as he called them. Sinatra, a friend, was a member and, when Bogart died in 1957, started calling his group of friends the Clan, which of course had Sinatra as their Chairman. (From Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies).

He was voted the 13th Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere Magazine.

So as to not look short next to co-stars like Ingrid Bergman and Paul Henreid, through most of the shooting of Casablanca (1942) (and in a few of his other films) Bogart wore platforms under his shoes that added nearly 5 inches of height to his frame.

Is mentioned, along with wife Lauren Bacall, in the hit 1980s song "Key Largo" ("We had it all, just like Bogie and Bacall").

Father: Belmont Bogart (1867-1934), mother: Maud Humphrey (March 30, 1865 in Rochester, NY-1940), sisters: Frances Bogart (1901-?) and Catherine "Kay" Bogart (1903-?).

His performance as Fred C. Dobbs in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948) is ranked #24 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Performances of All Time (2006).

His performance as Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon (1941) is ranked #50 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Performances of All Time (2006).

Thomasville Furniture launched a line of classic furniture which draws inspiration from Bogart's films, known as The Bogart Collection.

His performance as Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon (1941) is ranked #80 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.

His performance as Rick Blaine in Casablanca (1942) is ranked #19 on Premiere Magazine's 100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.

Has three films on the American Film Institute's 100 Most Inspiring Movies of All Time. They are: Dark Victory (1939) at #72, The African Queen (1951) at #48, and Casablanca (1942) at #32.

On June 24th, 2006, a section of West 103rd Street in the Upper West Side of New York City was renamed "Humphrey Bogart Place" in his honor. He had grown up at 245 W. 103rd Street (which is now public housing), and a plaque was put there to commemorate the event.

Is portrayed by Kevin O'Connor in Bogie (1980) (TV).

Is portrayed by Jerry Lacy in Play It Again, Sam (1972).

For years, a 16mm print of the Janet Gaynor/Fredric March version of A Star Is Born (1937) would be screened at the Bogart household each and every Christmas Day (Bogart's birthday) while Bogart would sit watching the film and weeping. Finally, one year, director Richard Brooks, a long-time friend of Bogart's asked him why. "Because," Bogart explained, "I expected a lot more of myself. And I'm never going to get it.".

Frank Sinatra's group of friends, known as The Clan, was actually originally a group of Bogart's friends, including Sinatra, who enjoyed drinking heavily. They referred to themselves as The Holmby Hills Rat Pack, derived from the Holmby Hills section of Hollywood where the Bogarts lived. The origin of the term The Rat Pack was this: One morning, after a night of heavy drinking by Bogart and his friends, Bogart's wife Lauren Bacall walked into the room, looked at the group and flatly stated, "You look like a God-damned rat pack." Bogart enjoyed the term, and a legend was born. The name "Rat Pack" stopped being used by Bogie's friends when he died. Sinatra and his friends hated being called the Rat Pack. (source: Robert Osborne, Turner Classic Movies).

Like his friends John Huston and Spencer Tracy, Bogart was a heavy smoker and a heavy drinker, allegedly sustaining two packs of Chesterfields a day.

He was involved in a serious automobile accident late in the production of Beat the Devil (1953). Several of his teeth were knocked out in the accident, hindering his ability to speak clearly. Director John Huston hired a young British actor noted for his mimicry skills to re-record some of Bogart's dialog during post-production looping. And although the talent of the young impersonator is such that the difference is undetectable while viewing the film today, it is a young Peter Sellers who provides Bogart's voice during some of the scenes.

He was a friend of the English actor Jack Hawkins, who also suffered from throat cancer nine years after Bogart's death.

In her essay "Humphrey and Bogie," Louise Brooks, who knew Bogart early in his career, said that the role she felt most closely personified Bogart's personality was Dixon "Dix" Steele in In a Lonely Place (1950): "In a film whose title perfectly defined Humphrey's own isolation among people, In a Lonely Place (1950) gave him a role that he could play with complexity because the film character's, the screenwriter's, pride in his art, his selfishness, his drunkenness, his lack of energy stabbed with lightning strokes of violence, were shared equally by the real Bogart.".

He was a close friend of Richard Burton, and once confessed to the Welsh actor that his ambition had always been to act in a Shakespearean play on stage. He regretted that the public probably would not be able to take him seriously in such a role, due to his screen image as the tough guy.

Salary for 1942: $114,125.

In 1952, he campaigned for Democratic Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson after initially supporting Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower.

All four of his wives were actresses.

Was an outstanding chess player. At a time when many stores had a professional chess player who could be challenged by anyone, Bogie would challenge and win almost every game. The challenger would pay 50 cents. If he won, he got $1.00. Many stores wanted Bogie to turn pro, but he declined because he was making more money as a non-pro. Eventually he did turn pro and would beat 40 or more people a day. (Source: Paul Harvey, Jr.'s, "The Rest of the Story.").

In late 1947, was to be a partner with producer Mark Hellinger in a proposed new company, Mark Hellinger Productions. Bogart invested $25,000 and was contracted to do two films a year. Hellinger owned the rights to Willard Motley's best selling novel "Knock on Any Door". However, Hellinger died in Dec. 1947. The rights to the novel passed to Bogart, and it became the first film of his own new independent production company, Santana Pictures Corporation: Knock on Any Door (1949).

Lauren Bacall once recalled that while John Wayne and Fred Astaire hardly knew her husband Humphrey Bogart at all, they were the first to send flowers and good wishes after Bogart was diagnosed with esophageal cancer in January 1956.

After undergoing a nine-and-a-half hour operation for esophageal cancer on 1 March 1956, Bogart began smoking filtered cigarettes for the first time in his life.

Although he and wife Lauren Bacall initially protested the House Un-American Activities Committee, they both eventually succumbed to pressure and distanced themselves from the Hollywood Ten in a March 1948 Photoplay Magazine article penned by Bogart titled "I'm No Communist".

Was best friends with John Huston.

Is mentioned in the Bon Jovi song "Captain Crash and the Beauty Queen of Mars" along with his wife Lauren Bacall.

In the episode of "The Simpsons" (1989) entitled "Sideshow Bob Roberts", Bogart's name is spoofed when Lisa mentions a famous snake named 'Humphrey Boa-Gart".

While he was married to fiery actress Mayo Methot he discovered that she suspected him of cheating on her - he wasn't - and had hired a private detective to follow him. Bogart found out the name of the agency the PI worked for, and called them up. When he reached the man's boss he said, "You got a man on my tail. Would you check with him and find out where I am?".

He and Lauren Bacall are immortalized in Suzanne Vega's song "Freeze Tag".

The "Bogart Lisp" has been the subject of much speculation. However, it is now believed that it was natural and not the result of a combat injury (other stories attribute it to a drunken bar fight or an attack by a prisoner he was transporting while serving as a Shore Patrolman) during his US Navy service in WW I. His son, Steve Bogart, has the same speech impediment as his father.

Was producer Hal B. Wallis' first choice as Burt Lancaster's co-star in Gunfight at the O.K. Corral (1957). The role was eventually played by Kirk Douglas.

Clifton Webb once said about Bogart, "Humphrey was not a tough guy, He was not at all. He was about as tough as Little Lord Fauntleroy".

According to "The Fifty Year Decline and Fall of Hollywood" by Ezra Goodman, Bogart would often strategically disappear from his table at the Hollywood landmark restaurant Romanoff's--a favorite Bogart hangout--when the check was brought to the table, especially after he had invited a magazine writer to dinner and drinks. Often the writer would wind up having to put on his expense account the bill that Bogart had run up for himself and his friends.

Bogart's father, a wealthy surgeon, was friends with famed Broadway and film producer William A. Brady and the families lived near each other in New York City. It was through Brady that Bogart got his first acting job on Broadway, and he in fact worked for a while as the manager of Brady's film studio, World Films.

Bogart's friend, journalist Joe Hyams, wrote an authorized biography, "Bogie: The Definitive Biography of Humphrey Bogart" with an introduction by Lauren Bacall published by the New American Libtary in 1966.


Personal Quotes
The trouble with the world is that it's always one drink behind.

Acting is experience with something sweet behind it.

It's been misspelt a lot. He decided on it. It's not Bog-ey. He signed with an -ie. And that's good enough for me. -

[on Lauren Bacall] "She's a real Joe. You'll fall in love with her like everybody else."

[attributed last words] "I should never have switched from scotch to martinis."

[on the House Un-American Activities Committee] "They'll nail anyone who ever scratched his ass during the National Anthem."

I came out here with one suit and everybody said I looked like a bum. Twenty years later Marlon Brando came out with only a sweatshirt and the town drooled over him. That shows how much Hollywood has progressed.

A hotdog at the ballpark is better than a steak at the Ritz.

When the heavy, full of crime and bitterness, grabs his wounds and talks about death and taxes in a husky voice, the audience is his and his alone.

[about himself] "Democrat in politics, Episcopalian by upbringing, dissenter by disposition."

I can't say I ever loved my mother, I admired her.

I don't approve of the John Waynes and the Gary Coopers saying 'Shucks, I ain't no actor -- I'm just a bridge builder or a gas station attendant.' If they aren't actors, what the hell are they getting paid for? I have respect for my profession. I worked hard at it.

The only good reason to have money is this: so that you can tell any SOB in the world to go to hell.

I hate funerals. They aren't for the guy who's dead. They're for the guys who are left alive and enjoy mourning.

The whole world is three drinks behind. If everybody in the world would take three drinks, we would have no trouble.

Acting is like sex: you either do it and don't talk about it, or you talk about it and don't do it. That's why I'm always suspicious of people who talk too much about either.

The only thing you owe the public is a good performance.

You're not a star until they can spell your name in Karachi.

I made more lousy pictures than any actor in history.

[on the untrained beefcake stars of the early 1950s, many of them picked up for screen tests from sidewalks and gas stations] "Shout 'gas' around the studios today, and half the young male stars will come running."

Do I subscribe to the [Laurence Olivier] school of acting? Ah, nuts. I'm an actor. I just do what comes naturally.

I don't hurt the industry. The industry hurts itself, by making so many lousy movies - as if General Motors deliberately put out a bad car.

[on Ingrid Bergman] "I didn't do anything I've never done before, but when the camera moves in on that Bergman face, and she's saying she loves you, it would make anybody feel romantic."

[on Warner Brothers] This studio has more suspensions than the Golden Gate Bridge.

[on Katharine Hepburn] She talks at you as though you were a microphone. She lectured the hell out of me on temperance and the evils of drink. She doesn't give a damn how she looks. I don't think she tries to be a character. I think she is one.

[on Bette Davis] Even when I was carrying a gun, she scared the be-jesus out of me.

It is at least worth arguing that there is a modicum of the creative novelist in all of us, and that this absorption with how men get out of difficulties, single-handedly and alone if possible, is the stuff of which we weave the warp and woof of our own better dramatic imaginings.

[while visiting the set of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)] This guy [Marlon Brando] - he'll be doing Hamlet when the rest of us are selling potatoes.

[on publicity] As long as they spell your name right and you are not accused of dope or rape, you are all right.

[on screen love] I have absolutely no interest in who gets the girl. I don't care. I don't see any reason to spend two hours to see who gets the girl especially since you know who's going to get her from the beginning - usually the actor who gets the most money.

I'm not good-looking. I used to be but not any more. Not like Robert Taylor. What I have got is I have character in my face. it's taken an awful lot of late nights and drinking to put it there. When I go to work in a picture, I say, 'Don't take the lines out of my face. Leave them there.'

[on movie fan magazines] They are the damnedest bilge. They distort everything. I can't stand them. They build up an audience of people who read fan magazines.

[on Katharine Hepburn, during the filming of The African Queen (1951) on location in the Congo] You could argue with her, but she was tough. When Jack [cinematographer Jack Cardiff] saw her striding into the jungle alone one morning, he thought, "God help the jungle".

[After viewing 'In Which We Serve' (1942)] Obviously, Noel Coward is the guy Orson Welles thinks he is.

[on Academy Awards] The only honest way to find the best actor would be to let everybody play Hamlet and let the best man win. Of course, you'd get some pretty funny Hamlets that way.

[on working with Rod Steiger in The Harder They Fall (1956)] These Actor's Studio types - they mumble their lines. I can't hear their words. I miss the cues. This scratch-your-ass-and-mumble school of acting doesn't please me.



33 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:49

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Very Happy

34 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 18:55

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35 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 2/11/2012, 21:11

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Eh..

36 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 8/11/2012, 12:12

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Ah.
. Smile

37 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 8/11/2012, 12:15

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38 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 8/11/2012, 12:17

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39 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 8/11/2012, 12:19

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40 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 8/11/2012, 12:34

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41 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 08:56

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Malo ljetnog daška..







42 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 09:06

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43 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 22:51

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Vintage tattoos

44 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 22:52

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45 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 22:53

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46 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 9/11/2012, 22:57

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Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel (born Benjamin Siegelbaum;[1] February 28, 1906 – June 20, 1947) was an American gangster who was involved with the Genovese crime family. Nicknamed "Bugsy", Siegel was known to be mercurial and ruthless with associates. Because of his notoriously quick and violent temper, he was one of the most "infamous and feared gangsters of his day".[2] He was one of the first front-page-celebrity gangsters.[3] He was also a major driving force behind large-scale development of the Las Vegas Valley.[4]

Early life

Benjamin Siegelbaum [1] was born in 1906 in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, to a poor Jewish family from Letychiv,[5] Podolia Governorate of the Russian Empire, in modern Ukraine. His immigrant parents, Max and Jennie, raised five children, including Ben, on meager wages. Siegel allegedly vowed that he would rise above that life.[3] As a boy, Siegel dropped out of school and joined a gang on Lafayette Street on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and committed mainly thefts, until, with a youth named Moe Sedway, he devised his own protection racket: pushcart merchants were forced to pay him a dollar or he would incinerate their merchandise.[3][6]:25 Siegel had an extensive record of crime, including armed robbery, rape, and murder dating back to his teenage years.[7]
[edit]Bugs and Meyer Mob
During adolescence, Siegel befriended Meyer Lansky, who was forming a small mob whose activities expanded to gambling and car theft. Lansky, who had already had a run-in with a young Salvatore Lucania, saw that the Jewish boys of his Brooklyn neighborhood needed to organize in the same manner as the Italians and Irish. The first person he recruited for his gang was Ben Siegel.[3][8]
Siegel reputedly worked as the mob's hitman, whom Lansky would hire out to other crime families.[9] The two formed the Bugs and Meyer Mob, which handled contracts for the various bootleg gangs operating in New York and New Jersey – doing so almost a decade before Murder, Inc. was formed to handle such matters. The Bugs and Meyer mob also kept themselves busy hijacking the booze cargoes of rival outfits.[10] The Bugs and Meyer Mob was known to be responsible for the killing and removal of several powerful rival gangdom figures.[11] Siegel's gang mates included Abner "Longie" Zwillman, Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, and Lansky's brother, Jake; "Doc" Stacher, another member of the Bugs and Meyer Mob, recalled to Lansky biographers that Siegel was fearless and saved his friends' lives many times over as the mob moved into bootlegging:
“ Bugsy never hesitated when danger threatened," Stacher told Uri Dan. "While we tried to figure out what the best move was, Bugsy was already shooting. When it came to action there was no one better. I've never known a man who had more guts.[3][12] ”
Siegel was also a boyhood friend to Al Capone; when there was a warrant for Capone's arrest on a murder rap, Siegel allowed him to hide out with one of his aunts.[13] By age 21, Siegel was making a good deal of money, and he flaunted it. Described as handsome and charming with blue eyes, Siegel pursued the high-class life. Because of his charisma, he was well-known to be liked by everyone.[14][15] He bought a fancy apartment at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. He wore fancy clothes, he bought a Tudor home in nearby Scarsdale and enjoyed the night life of New York City.[16] On January 28, 1929, Siegel married Esta Krakower, his childhood sweetheart and sister of contract killer Whitey Krakower.[17] Siegel had a reputation as a notorious womanizer and the marriage would eventually end in divorce (in 1946).[1][18]
[edit]Murder, Inc.

In the late 1920′s, Lansky and Siegel built ties to Charles "Lucky" Luciano and Frank Costello, future bosses of the Genovese crime family. Siegel became a bootlegger and was associated with Albert "Mad Hatter" Anastasia. Siegel was involved in bootlegging in New York, New Jersey, and Philadelphia. Siegel and Anastasia, together with Vito Genovese and Joe Adonis, were the four gunmen who shot New York mob boss Joe Masseria to death on Luciano's orders on April 15, 1931, formally ending the Castellammarese War.[19][20] On September 10th of that year, Luciano hired four trigger men from the Lansky-Siegel gang (according to the Lansky biography, Siegel was one of the alleged trigger men[21]) to murder Masseria's rival, Salvatore Maranzano, establishing Luciano's rise to the top of the U.S. Mafia and marking the beginning of modern American organized crime.[22]
It was with these associates that Siegel formed Murder, Inc.; credited with carrying out many contract killings throughout the country. The service was very profitable and soon the men were gaining more money and power through fencing operations. Within this time, Luciano and Lansky formed the National Crime Syndicate, an umbrella organization of crime families that brought unprecedented power to the underworld.[23][24] After Siegel and Lansky moved on to other, larger pastures, control over Murder, Inc. was ceded to Lepke Buchalter and Albert Anastasia.[25] Siegel ran afoul of the law eight times but his only conviction was in Miami. On February 28, 1932, he was arrested for gambling and vagrancy, and, from a huge roll of bills, paid a $100 fine.[23]
Siegel got into an entanglement with associates of Waxey Gordon, the Frabrazzo brothers. He had allegedly vowed to hunt them all down and, making sure they didn't fill out another contract, kill them after their assassination attempt on Lansky and Siegel. After the deaths of his two brothers, Tony Frabrazzo began writing memoirs and planned on giving them to an attorney. One of the longest chapters of the book was going to be a section on the nationwide kill-for-hire squad led by Benjamin Siegel. The mob eventually discovered Tony's plans before he had a chance to execute his ideas.[3] In the fall of 1932, Siegel checked into a hospital and later on that night he snuck out. Siegel and two of his accomplices approached Tony's house and, reportedly posing as detectives to lure him out, gunned him down (Tony's parents would later describe witnessing the murder).[3][26] According to the hospital records, Siegel's alibi for that night was that he checked into a hospital due to an illness.[26] Lansky and Siegel also assisted in Luciano's brief alliance with Dutch Schultz and killed rival loan sharks Louis "Pretty" Amberg and Joseph Amberg in 1935.[6]:35[27]
[edit]California

Through his consorts, Siegel allegedly heard that his hospital alibi had seemingly become questionable to adversaries and that several other enemies were seeking him.[26] In the late 1930s, the East Coast mob sent Siegel to California.[28] Biographer Jennings disputes this claim, stating that there is evidence of Siegel's alleged journeys out West to Los Angeles dating as early as 1933.[6]:35-36 Siegel's mission was to develop syndicate gambling rackets with Los Angeles crime family boss, Jack Dragna. Once in Los Angeles, Siegel recruited gang boss Mickey Cohen as his chief lieutenant.[29] In knowledge of Siegel's reputation for violence and was known that he had the backing of Lansky and Luciano who, from prison, sent word to Dragna that it was in his best interest to cooperate, Dragna had to accept a subordinate role.[10]
Siegel moved Esta and their two daughters, Millicent and Barbara, to California. On tax returns he claimed to earn his living through legal gambling at Santa Anita Park near Los Angeles.[30] In Los Angeles he worked as the bagman, collecting the growing skim for Sidney Korshak in Chicago. Siegel used syndicate money to set up a national wire service to help the East Coast mob quicken their returns. He worked with the area's wire services, as well as the syndicate's enormous narcotics trade route through Mexico, and helped set up new circuits with the Chicago Outfit's Trans America Wire service. By 1942, the syndicate's wire operation was earning them half a million dollars a day.[1][31] The wire service was eventually ceded by Jack Dragna due to the several complications with Siegel, thus, aggravating Ben.[32] Nonetheless, Siegel raked a percentage of profits from the largest prostitution ring in the West. Often if it moved in the netherworld of illegality, Benjamin Siegel was known to get his share.[9]
[edit]Hollywood
Siegel was soon welcomed in some of Hollywood's highest circles and befriended a lot of stars.[1] Siegel was known to hobnob with George Raft, Clark Gable, Gary Cooper and Cary Grant.[23][33] He was also associated with studio executives Louis B. Mayer and Jack Warner.[34] Actress Jean Harlow was a friend of Siegel's and the godmother to his daughter Millicent -- Siegel led an extravagant life, buying real estate, and frequently throwing lavish parties at his Beverly Hills home.[1] He gained the admiration from some young celebrities of the time, including Tony Curtis, Phil Silvers, and Frank Sinatra.[35][36] At parties, Siegel was noted to be seen with some of Hollywood's most dazzling women, including Italian Countess Dorothy Dendice Taylor DiFrasso. One adventure with the countess brought Siegel to Europe, where he met Benito Mussolini and German leaders, Hermann Göring and Joseph Goebbels. Allegedly, Siegel took an instant dislike to the Nazis, and later offered to kill them.[17][37] He only relented because of the countess's anxious pleas.[23]
Back in Hollywood, Siegel worked with the crime syndicate to form unprecedented rackets. He took over local unions and staged strikes in order to force movie studios to pay him off in order to get the union working again. On many occasions he borrowed large sums of money from celebrities and declined to pay them back knowing that they normally wouldn't ask him for their money back.[6]:43-46[23] In his first year in Hollywood, he received more than $400,000 in one-way loans from movie stars; the same people who were reputedly known to be so desperate to have him at their parties.[3]
On November 22, 1939, Siegel, Whitey Krakower, and two other gang members killed Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg. Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant, and Lepke Buchalter, boss of Murder, Inc., ordered his killing.[26] In September, 1941, Siegel was tried for the Greenberg murder. Whitey Krakower was killed before he could face trial.[6]:95-97 The trial gained notoriety because of the preferential treatment Siegel was receiving in jail; he refused to eat prison food and was allowed female visitors. He was also granted leave under the pretext of dental visits.[31][38] Eventually, Siegel was acquitted due to the lack of evidence,[31] but his reputation was in ruins. During the trial, newspapers revealed Siegel's past and referred to him as "Bugsy". He hated the nickname (said to be based on the slang term "bugs", meaning "crazy", and used to describe his erratic behavior), preferring to be called simply "Ben" to his face. Or to others who didn't know him, "Mr. Siegel" was the preferred moniker.[3]
During World War II, on March 10, 1944, the Local Draft Board tried to draft Siegel in the U.S. Army by asking for a waiver of an age limit, but the State Director of Selective Service refused the waiver because of the reputed legal dealings with Siegel's attorney that prohibited the induction.[39]
[edit]Las Vegas

Siegel desired to be a legitimate businessman, but the respectability he craved was beyond his reach. In spring 1946, he saw an opportunity to achieve legitimacy in William R. Wilkerson's Flamingo Hotel.[40]:62
Las Vegas gave Siegel his second opportunity to reinvent himself. Siegel had traveled to Southern Nevada in 1934 with Meyer Lansky's lieutenant Moe Sedway, on Lansky's orders to explore expanding operations. There were opportunities in providing illicit services to the crews constructing the Hoover Dam. Lansky had turned the desert over to Siegel. But Siegel, wanting nothing to do with it, turned it over to Moe Sedway and fled for Hollywood.[41]:6-7
Lansky pressured Siegel to represent them in Wilkerson's desert project. Someone had to watchdog their interests. Siegel, who knew Wilkerson and lived near him in Beverly Hills, was the obvious choice as a liaison, but Siegel was infuriated. He wanted no part in any operation that took him back to Nevada permanently. It meant forsaking Beverly Hills and his playboy life and enduring the heat of Nevada. At Lansky's insistence, however, Siegel consented.[40]:74
[edit]Siegel accepts
In the mid-1940s, Siegel was lining things up in Las Vegas while his lieutenants were working on a business policy to secure all gambling in Los Angeles.[26] Throughout the spring of 1946, Siegel proved useful. He obtained black market building materials. The postwar shortages that had dogged construction were no longer a problem. At first Siegel seemed content to do things Wilkerson's way. His desire to learn about the project took precedence over his sportsman lifestyle. It subdued his aggression. Under Wilkerson's tutelage, Siegel played the pupil, learning the mechanics of building an enterprise. The role did not come easily. Perhaps outdistanced and afraid of being upstaged by his mentor, Siegel reputedly began to feel intimidated and paranoid. He grew resentful of Wilkerson's talent and vision. As time went on, the gangster's admiration disintegrated into jealousy. Siegel reverted to his familiar role: the big-shot. He began making decisions without Wilkerson's authority. Informing work crews that Wilkerson had put him in charge, Siegel ordered changes which conflicted with the blueprints.[40]:75-78
The problem came to a head when Siegel demanded more involvement in the project. To keep the project moving, Wilkerson agreed that Siegel would supervise the hotel while Wilkerson retained control of everything else.[40]:78-79
In May 1946, Siegel decided the agreement had to be altered to give him control of the Flamingo.[40]:80 With the Flamingo, Siegel would supply the gambling, the best liquor and food, and the biggest entertainers at reasonable prices. He believed these attractions would lure not only the high rollers, but thousands of vacationers willing to lose $50 or $100 (Koziol).[42] Siegel offered to buy out Wilkerson's creative participation with corporate stock – an additional 5 percent ownership in the operation (Siegel later reneged).[40]:85 On June 20, 1946, Siegel formed the Nevada Project Corporation of California, naming himself president. He was also the largest principal stockholder in the operation, which defined everyone else merely as shareholders[40]:81 (William Wilkerson was eventually coerced into selling all stakes in the Flamingo under the threat of death, and went into hiding in Paris for a time).[40]:98 From this point the Flamingo became syndicate-run.[40]:81
[edit]Las Vegas' beginning
Siegel began a spending spree, staggering even today. He demanded the finest building that money could buy at a time of wartime shortages. Each bathroom of the 93-room hotel had its own sewer system (cost: $1,150,000); more toilets were ordered than needed (cost: $50,000); because of the plumbing alterations, the boiler room, now too small, had to be enlarged (cost: $113,000); and Siegel ordered a larger kitchen (cost: $29,000). Adding to the budgetary, over-runs were problems with dishonest contractors and disgruntled unpaid builders. By day, trucks delivered black market goods. By night the same materials were pilfered and resold to Siegel a few days later. As costs soared, Siegel's checks began bouncing. By October 1946, the costs had soared above $4 million.[40]:83-84 In spring 1947, the Flamingo would clock in at over $6 million ($62,450,074 in 2012 dollars[43]).[6]:6
The first indication of trouble came in early November 1946. The syndicate issued an ultimatum: provide accounting or forfeit funding. But producing a balance sheet was the last thing Siegel wanted to do. After the syndicate's refusal of help, Siegel waged a campaign of private fund raising. He sold nonexistent stocks. Siegel was in a hurry to finish. He doubled his work force, believing the project could be completed in half the time. But it was costs, not building, that began rising faster. Siegel paid overtime and double-time. In some cases, bonuses tied to project deadlines were offered in hope of increasing productivity.[40]:85-86 By the end of November, work was nearly finished.[6]:169-171
Under pressure to have the hotel make some money, Siegel moved the opening from Wilkerson's original date of March 1, 1947 to the day after Christmas, 1946.[40]:89 Although the hotel was incomplete he was hoping to generate enough from the casino to complete the project and repay investors. Siegel announced the hotel would be ready the day after Christmas. Its opening would be held that same evening, December 26, 1946. Siegel generated confusion regarding the opening date. Acting on a whim, he decided a weekend would be more likely to entice celebrities away from home. Invitations were sent out for Saturday, December 28. Siegel changed his mind again. Invitees were notified by phone that the opening had been changed back to the 26th.[40]:99
To some local observers, Siegel's "maniacal chest-puffing" set the pattern for several generations of notable casino moguls.[9] Siegel's reputation for violence didn't help matters. After he boasted one day that he'd personally killed some men, he saw the panicked look on the face of head contractor Del Webb and had to reassure him: "Del, don't worry, we only kill each other."[6]:17
Other associates portray Siegel in a different aspect; Bugsy as an intense character who was not without a charitable streak. Siegel reputedly had a soft touch for the Damon Runyon Cancer Fund.
“ When he [Siegel] got killed, you wouldn't believe how many employees broke down in tears," Wiener recalled. "He was very generous with the help and very well liked. He was good to people. He was good to me and my wife.[9] ”
[edit]Defiance and devastation
While some problems had cleared up in Nevada and Arizona, in California, Siegel was surprisingly hesitant with reporting business. He later announced to his colleagues that he was running the California syndicate by himself and that he would return the loans in his "own good time". Despite his defiance to the mob bosses they were patient with Siegel because he had always proven to be a valuable man.[26]
The Flamingo opened on December 26, 1946. The casino, lounge, theater, and restaurant was finished and that was supposedly enough for Siegel.[41]:9-10 Although locals jammed in the opening, few celebrities materialized. A handful did motor in from Los Angeles despite appalling weather. Some of the celebrities present were June Haver, Vivian Blaine, George Raft, Sonny Tufts, Brian Donlevy, and Charles Coburn. They were welcomed by construction noise and a lobby draped with decorators' drop cloths. The desert's first air conditioning collapsed regularly. While gambling tables were operating, the luxury rooms that would have served as the lure for them to stay and gamble longer were not ready. As word of the losses made their way to Siegel during the evening, he began to become irate. He reportedly took his anger out on some guests, becoming verbally abusive and throwing out at least one family.[41]:10 After two weeks the Flamingo's gaming tables were $275,000 in the red and the entire operation shut down in late January 1947.[44][45]
By begging the mob bosses to give his friend a second chance, Lansky got an extension for Siegel. After being granted a second chance, Siegel cracked down and did everything possible to turn the Flamingo into a success by making renovations and obtaining good press. It reopened in March, 1947, and began turning a profit. However, by the time profits began improving the mob bosses above Siegel were tired of waiting.[1] Although time was running out, at age 41, Ben Siegel had carved out a notorious name for himself in the annals of organized crime and in Las Vegas history.[9]
[edit]Death



Bugsy's memorial plaque in the Bialystoker Synagogue[46]
On the night of June 20, 1947, as Siegel sat with his associate Allen Smiley in Virginia Hill's Beverly Hills home reading the Los Angeles Times, an unknown assailant fired at him through the window with a .30-caliber military M1 carbine, hitting him many times, including twice in the head.[9] No one was charged with the murder, and the crime remains officially unsolved.[4]
One of the main theories of Siegel's attributed death was his continued defiance and excessive spending (and possible stealing of the money) was affecting the mob's assets.[26] Allegedly, this upset the mob bosses but they were indecisive on what to do. In 1946, a meeting was held with the "board of directors" of the syndicate in Havana, Cuba so that Luciano, who was exiled to Sicily, could arrive and make the final decision. Shortly after the private meeting it was concluded that a contract was set out on eliminating Siegel.[26] According to Stacher, Lansky tried his best to save Siegel but he finally, reluctantly, agreed to the decision.[47]
Although there were descriptions which determined that Siegel was shot in the eye, he was actually struck twice on the right side of his head. Both the death scene and the postmortem photographs clearly show that one shot penetrated his right cheek and exited through the left side of his neck; the other struck the right bridge of his nose where it met the right eye socket. Overpressure created by that bullet's striking and passing through Siegel's skull blew his left eye out of its socket. The Los Angeles' Coroner's Report (#37448) states the cause of death was cerebral hemorrhage. His death certificate (Registrar's #816192) states the cause of death was homicide, "Gunshot wounds of head".[48]
Though as noted, Siegel was actually not shot exactly through the eye (the eyeball would have been destroyed if this had been the case), the bullet-through-the-eye style of killing nevertheless became popular in Mafia lore and in movies, and was called the "Moe Greene special"[49] after the character Moe Greene - based on Siegel - who was killed in this manner in The Godfather.
Siegel was hit by several other bullets including shots through his lungs.[50] According to Florabel Muir, "Four of the nine shots fired that night destroyed a white marble statue of Bacchus on a grand piano, and then lodged in the far wall".
The day after Siegel's death, the Los Angeles Herald-Express carried a photograph on its front page from the morgue of Siegel's bare right foot with a toe tag dangling from its big toe.[51] Siegel's murder thrust Las Vegas back into the national spotlight, as photographs of his lifeless body were plastered on newspapers throughout the country.[1]
[edit]Memorial
In the Bialystoker Synagogue on Manhattan's Lower East Side, Siegel is memorialized by a Yahrtzeit (remembrance) plaque that marks his death date so mourners can say Kaddish for the anniversary. Siegel's plaque is below that of his father, Max Siegel, who died two months prior to his son's murder.
On the grounds of the Flamingo Las Vegas casino, between the pool and one of the wedding chapels, there sits a memorial plaque to Siegel.[52]
Siegel is interred in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California.

p.s. zvali su ga pizda Laughing kultnim imenom

47 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 10/11/2012, 01:16

Gost

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Gost
Siegel je bio modni mačak toga doba..

48 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 10/11/2012, 07:39

Gost

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Gost

49 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 11/11/2012, 00:23

Gost

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Gost
Jane Frazee and Helen Parrish Wearing Trousers, 1941




Vintage photography, 1940's, vintage


50 Re: Vintage & so, vintage.. : ) taj 11/11/2012, 00:27

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Gost
A delightful 1940s warm weather trouser and halter top look.





Ginger Rogers walking a lion. c.1930s


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